Simple Tense

Verb tense tells you when the action happens. There are three main verb tenses: present, past, and future. Each main tense is divided into simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive tenses.

  Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect Progressive
Present finish am/is/are finishing have/has finished have/has been finishing
Past finished was/were finishing had finished had been finishing
Future will finish will be finishing will have finished will have been finishing

a. Present tense is the original verb form.
     b. Past tense has a few patterns.
     c. Future tense needs will (shall) + verb.


  • I run a marathon twice a year. (present)
  • I ran a marathon last year. (past)
  • I will run a marathon next year. (future)


  • I eat lunch in my office.
  • I ate lunch an hour ago.
  • I will eat lunch in one hour.


  • I see a movie once a week.
  • I saw a movie yesterday.
  • I will see a movie tomorrow.


  • I know it.
  • I knew it the day before yesterday.
  • I will know it by tomorrow.


  • I learn English.
  • I learned English the last two years.
  • I will learn English next year.


  • I cook my supper every night.
  • I cooked our dinner already.
  • I will cook breakfast tomorrow.

[Quiz 10.1]

Fill in the blanks with appropriate verb forms.

1) I                      a song at the concert yesterday.
2) He                      a letter to his girlfriend tomorrow.
3) I                      to the library to borrow some books this weekend.


View Answer

1) sang
2) will write
3) will go


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