Statement and Assumption Questions and Answers

Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.
1. Statement: “You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation.” – A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:

  1. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
  2. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

2. Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.

Assumptions:

  1. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
  2. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

3. Statement: “In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees.” – In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.

Assumptions:

  1. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality.
  2. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

4. Statement: Unemployment allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youth above 18 years of age.

Assumptions:

  1. There are unemployed youth in India who needs monetary support.
  2. The government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all unemployed youth.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

5. Statement: “If you trouble me, I will slap you.” – A mother warns her child.

Assumptions:

  1. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
  2. All children are basically naughty.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION
6. Statement: The State government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.

Assumptions:

  1. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.
  2. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

7. Statement: A warning in a train compartment – “To stop train, pull chain. Penalty for improper use Rs. 500.”

Assumptions:

  1. Some people misuse the alarm chain.
  2. On certain occasions, people may want to stop a running train.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

8. Statement: If it is easy to become an engineer, I don’t want to be an engineer.

Assumptions:

  1. An individual aspires to be professional.
  2. One desires to achieve a thing which is hard earned.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

9. Statement: The concession in rail fares for the journey to hill stations has been cancelled because it is not needed for people who can spend their holidays there.

Assumptions:

  1. Railways should give concession only to needy persons.
  2. Railways should not encourage people to spend their holidays at hill stations.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

10. Statement: “The bridge was built at the cost of Rs. 128 crores and even civil bus service is not utilizing it, what a pity to see it grossly underutilized.” – A citizen’s view on a new flyover linking east and west sides of a suburb.

Assumptions:

  1. The building of such bridges does not serve any public objective.
  2. There has to be some accountability and utility of money spent on public projects.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION
11. Statement: Many historians have done more harm than good by distorting truth.

Assumptions:

  1. People believe what is reported by the historians.
  2. Historians are seldom expected to depict the truth.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

12. Statement: “As there is a great demand, every person seeking tickets of the programme will be given only five tickets.”

Assumptions:

  1. The organizers are not keen on selling the tickets.
  2. No one is interested in getting more than five tickets.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

13. Statement: “Computer education should start at schools itself.”

Assumptions:

  1. Learning computers is easy.
  2. Computer education fetches jobs easily.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

14. Statement: If he is intelligent, he will pass the examination.

Assumptions:

  1. To pass, he must be intelligent.
  2. He will pass the examination.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

15. Statement: Today I must satisfy myself only by looking at a pink headed duck in an encyclopaedia.

Assumptions:

  1. Pink headed ducks are as good as extinct now.
  2. People refer to encyclopaedia to know only about things which do not exist now.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION
16. Statement: The organization should promote employees on the basis of merit alone and not on the basis of length of service or seniority.

Assumptions:

  1. Length of service or seniority does not alone reflect merit of an employee.
  2. It is possible to determine and measure merit of an employee.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

17. Statement: “But out of A, B, C and D products, you buy B which alone is based on the international technology.”- A shopkeeper tells a customer.

Assumptions:

  1. The customers normally accept the recommendation of the shopkeeper.
  2. Use of international technology is supposed to ensure better quality standards.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

18. Statement: “If you want to give any advertisement, give it in the newspaper X.” – A tells B.

Assumptions:

  1. B wants to publicise his products.
  2. Newspaper X has a wide circulation.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

19. Statement: Kartik left for Delhi on Tuesday by train to attend a function to be held on Friday at his uncle’s house in Delhi.

Assumptions:

  1. Kartik may reach Delhi on Wednesday.
  2. Kartik may reach Delhi before Friday.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

20. Statement: “Avon Cycles – Fast, easy to ride, impressive, reliable, crafted and up-to-date automation.” – An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. There is no other cycle with any of these features.
  2. People do not bother about the cost.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit
EXPLANATION

 

  • Not everything, not yet!

    Q20) “Avon Cycles – Fast, easy to ride, impressive, reliable, crafted and up-to-date automation.”

    Since the cost is not mentioned, the advertiser is assuming that people do not bother about cost. So, isn’t assumption II implicit?

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